Tulalip Tribe Withdrawal from Settlement Talks

Posted by in Uncategorized | April 17, 2018


Open Letter to PUD Commissioners from Friends of Heybrook Ridge

Posted by in Letters to PUD Commissioners | June 27, 2014

To: Snohomish County Public Utilities Commission

-With CC to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

From: The Friends of Heybrook Ridge

Re: Hydroelectric Power Generation Plant at Sunset Falls, FERC Permit #14295

Dear Commissioners David Aldrich, Kathleen Vaughn, and Toni Olson,

We, the Friends of Heybrook Ridge, respectfully implore the Snohomish County PUD to discontinue efforts toward construction of a hydroelectric power generation station at Sunset Falls on the South Fork of the Skykomish River.  We further strongly recommend that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission deny the request by Snohomish County P.U.D. (SnoPUD) to construct the hydroelectric plant.   Our primary reasons are that construction of such a project is: 1) in violation of the letter and the spirit of the law; and 2) against the long-term vision held by the public for the Skykomish Valley.

Who We Are

The Friends of Heybrook Ridge (FOHR) is a non-profit organization based in Index, Washington.  Our mission is to support Heybrook Ridge County Park, whose creation in 2008 was made possible by our purchase of 130 acres of timberland scheduled for clear cutting, and donation of the land to Snohomish County Parks and Recreation.  Heybrook is an impressive ridge 1 mile north of the proposed hydro project; the ridge bifurcates the North and South Forks of the Skykomish River from their confluence just west of the town of Index (population 160).  FOHR continues to be the local steward for “SnoCo Parks”, with whom we enjoy a mutually respectful and appreciative relationship. [1]

The Law

FOHR is one of multiple organizations that have worked for years to acquire land for public use in the Skykomish River valley and to protect it from inappropriate developments, including hydropower projects.  Our legislators responded over 35 years ago: the Washington State Scenic Rivers Program began in 1977 with the passage of the Scenic River System Act (SSRA), RCW 79.72.[2]  Its purpose was to protect and preserve rivers of “exceptional quality”, that is, “rivers possessing outstanding natural, scenic, historic, ecological, and recreational value.”  A criterion for inclusion was that the river must be “…free-flowing without diversions that hinder recreational use.”  The first State Scenic River chosen was the Skykomish.[3]

The Scenic River System Act also asserts that “It is the policy of this state that certain selected rivers…shall be preserved in as natural a condition as practical…” This phrase is the act’s acknowledgment that it is not practical to restore natural flow in all cases. There may be any number of already-legal structures that affect natural flow, such as riprap embankments, irrigation diversions, fish-ladder diversions, and bridge piers, and since any river may potentially be nominated for scenic status, there had to be a mechanism to exempt the already-legal developments. But direction for future management is clear: maintain the natural flow of the river whenever possible. To legally build a new hydroelectric project (dam or other structures) on a State Scenic River one would have to make the case that there are absolutely no other practical alternatives for power supply.   This case has not been made.


We join multiple others who challenge the practicality of SnoPUD’s proposed hydroelectric project at Sunset Falls.[4]  How is it practical to build a generation plant whose output is mistimed for local and northwest regional power needs?  Nearly half of the average monthly generation forecast by SnoPUD occurs in April, May, and June[5], a 3-month stretch of low NW power needs and low market prices.   The hydroelectric plant would operate at a far lower capacity factor for 6 months of the year when NW needs are high (January-April and October-December) and be essentially shut down for the remaining 3 months of July-October, a time when excess power could arguably be sold to energy-thirsty consumers elsewhere, when market prices tend to be highest, thus reducing local prices at times of true need for affordable power in our region.

How is it practical to build access roads for huge construction vehicles in an area recently devastated by landslides, roads that would be reached via the infamously dangerous US Highway 2?  Note too that the new “dam-less” project features would be built at the toe of previous landslides above Sunset Falls.  The list of impracticalities is much longer than this letter can cover.  But these examples should underscore the degree to which SnoPUD’s proposal is in violation of the Scenic River System Act’s core mandate to be practical in protecting its rivers.

The SSRA specifically states “All state government agencies and local governments are hereby directed to pursue policies with regard to their respective activities, functions, powers, and duties which are designed to conserve and enhance the conditions of rivers which have been included in the system, in accordance with the management policies and the rules adopted by the commission for such rivers.”[6]  The Snohomish County Public Utility District cannot and should not claim exemption from the State Scenic River Act.  It follows that FERC should reject all SnoPUD proposals for hydropower development at Sunset and Canyon Falls.

 Public Land Vision

In 1986, the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission (SSRC) initiated active management of the State Scenic Rivers Program.  A Citizens’ Advisory Board (SKYCAB) was created to formalize citizen involvement in 1988.  SKYCAB represented river users, landowners, forest managers and concerned citizens.[7]

Together, SKYCAB and SSRC published the “Skykomish Scenic River Recreational Access Study” in 1990.  The final paragraph of its study’s summary stated, “People of the valley, and people from without the valley share a respect and admiration for the resource that is the Skykomish River.”[8]   Significantly, one of the primary goals of the study’s final recommendations was to “Restrict hydropower development, in accordance with existing and future statutes”[9].   And one of the 6 high priority sites identified for such restriction was Sunset Falls[10].

We hope to impress on FERC our perspectives from Heybrook Ridge.  The Ridge enjoys a central location in a connectivity of public lands that stretches from Wallace Falls State Park to the west (the Wallace River empties into the Skykomish at Sultan), through the Department of Natural Resources’ Reiter Foothills Forest, on to the Forks of the Sky State Park and the Climbers’ Access to the famed Index Wall, into Index town by way of the Crescent Trail and the town’s Doolittle Park, across the North Fork of the Skykomish River via the town bridge, and south up Heybrook Ridge, where stunning views of Mt. Index, Bridal Veil Falls, Sunset Falls, and Canyon Falls are beheld.  (Views of Sunset and Canyon Falls would be markedly diminished with the hydro project’s reduction of their flow.)  The Heybrook Ridge County Park’s trails will soon connect easterly to the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest and finally, the Wild Sky Wilderness.  Surely you can see the pattern here: although under multiple public agencies’ ownership now, all are focusing on preservation and recreational development of public land.

Our immediate goal is to prevent damage to the Skykomish River at Canyon and Sunset Falls, including views and access, that would be unavoidable were SnoPUD’s hydro project to be built and operated.  Our mid-term vision is that this Scenic River will achieve “Wild and Scenic” designation and protection, and that public access will be expanded.  Our long-term dream is that we will create a connected long, stretched-out park whose heart is the Skykomish River Valley.

Denying SnoPUD’s requests to FERC for an impractical and unwanted hydroelectric project is a critical and essential step.

Thank you,

Ann Darlington

President, BOD, Friends of Heybrook Ridge

[1] See our website at www.heybrookridge.org for details and further information

[3] Protected segments to include 14 miles of the river from the town of Sultan to the confluence of the North and South Forks just west of the town of Index, 11 miles up the North Fork (to Bear Creek), 34 miles up the South Fork up the Tye River and 8 miles more up the Beckler River

[4] For local examples, see the Snohomish County Democratic Central Committee’s “Resolution in Opposition to Snohomish PUD’s Proposed Sunset Falls Hydro Project on the Skykomish River and in Favor of Requesting a Study of Wild and Scenic Designation”, filed with FERC on 4/22/14, and the Save the Sky River Coalition @ www.savetheskyriver.org/; for a national perspective, see American Whitewater website @ http://www.americanwhitewater.org/content/Article/view/id/31739/

[5] See Table 5.2-3 on p. 78 and Figure 5.3-1 on p. 100 of the SnoPUD’s Pre-Application Document to FERC at http://www.snopud.com/Site/Content/Documents/sfpep/SFFERCDocs/PAD_Part1.pdf

[7] Skykomish Scenic River Recreational Access Study, by WA State Parks Scenic River Program, December 1990.

[8] As above, Appendix B, p.44

[9] As above, Appendix 2, p.43

[10] As above, p.21

Landslide area is unstable

Posted by in Letters to the Editor | March 06, 2014

Published: Thursday, March 6, 2014, 1:00 a.m.

Thank you for the Monday article, “Federal agency approves PUD’s study of proposed dam.” It seems as though PUD senior management are willing say just about anything to advance this project. Just one example is their description of the Sunset Falls area as having “No known geological hazards or unstable areas.”

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Open letters to the PUD Commission

Posted by in Letters to PUD Commissioners | February 21, 2014

February 17, 2014

Dear commissioners,

You may recall the July 23, 2013 PUD commission meeting where citizen concerns about liquefaction on the right bank of the proposed Sunset Falls diversion were discussed.  In the meeting PUD staff characterized the underlying silt and clay as being “consolidated” and “formed under immense pressure”, however unlike most of Snohomish County, these soils were not associated with ice contact. The sediments that comprise the right bank are water bearing and are susceptible to liquefaction according to the “liquefaction susceptibility map of Snohomish County, Washington” – available online.

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PUD needs to try listening

Posted by in Letters to the Editor | February 21, 2014

Published: Friday, February 21, 2014, 1:00 a.m.

In a recent Viewpoints guest commentary by Steve Klein, he characterized three opponents to the proposed dam on the Skykomish River. Years ago I worked with some of the bravest men our country has ever produced and I have never seen anyone minimize the efforts of hard working public servants like Sen. Kirk Pearson and others as Steve Klein has in relation to the SnoPUD hydroelectric project and damming of the Skykomish river. It is the sheer volume of complaints and objections by ratepayers that have continually been ignored or misrepresented or even intercepted by Mr. Klein that drove them to Sen. Pearson for protection.
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Law doesn’t allow for PUD dam

Posted by in Uncategorized | February 16, 2014

Published: Sunday, February 16, 2014, 1:00 a.m.

In his story abut the tug-of-war over Sunset Falls (Power Struggle,” Feb. 9), staff writer Bill Sheets writes that, under the State Scenic River Act, “development is discouraged but not prohibited.” Clear as mud, Bill. It would be better to quote the act directly, especially the part that says the SRA is the official policy of the state and all agencies within it (which includes SNOPUD), and the part that says its policy is to maintain the natural flow of the river “as far as practical.”
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Beware PUD’s dam propoganda

Posted by in Letters to the Editor | February 15, 2014

Published: Friday, April 26, 2013, 12:01 a.m.

I received the Snohomish County PUD’s spring 2013 Current newsletter entitled “Eyes on the Environment” just before Earth Day. It was most disappointing to read that the PUD is intentionally misleading and propagating false information to its ratepayers.
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We must protect scenic Sky River

Posted by in Letters to the Editor | February 15, 2014

Published: Tuesday, January 14, 2014, 1:00 a.m.

Thank you for the Sunday commentary on PUD dam proposal. (“PUD’s dam proposal would do more harm than good.”)
I oppose the proposed dam on the Skykomish — Sunset Falls. There are much better uses of funds for power.
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PUD downplays real costs

Posted by in Letters to the Editor | February 12, 2014

Published: Wednesday, February 12, 2014, 1:00 a.m.   Everett Herald

Thank you for the Feb. 9 article on the proposed Sunset Falls Dam.
PUD assures us that “no decision has been made” and asks the public to “hold judgment until they see the final proposal,” but that is becoming increasingly difficult because PUD is so obviously downplaying the real costs.
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Plan for dam doesn’t add up

Posted by in Letters to the Editor | February 11, 2014

Published: Monday, February 10, 2014, 1:00 a.m.

Everett Herald

Steve Klein’s guest Viewpoints commentary, “Sunset Falls dam: Balance is possible,” just doesn’t add up. He asks how to ensure low-cost, renewable sources of energy to Snohomish County. The answer is: “Stop wasting ratepayer and taxpayer money on this low-power hydro. We don’t need it!”
His project is not low cost. No other PUD or utility in Washington (with 25,000 customers) is proposing new hydro — it doesn’t pencil out. The Northwest has more than we can use.
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